Material handling equipment consists of all the devices and machinery that is used to move goods throughout the factory and from the factory to the final consumer. It is important to have this equipment in the industry as they may increases productivity as well as the profit margin. Another advantage is that they are fast and efficient. Material handling equipments are divided into five types depending on the role they play in the production process.
Transportation material handling equipment is the first category. You find that this equipment is always used to move materials from one location to the next within the company. Like you can talk of moving the materials from the store to the loading area. This is done using both the internal and external machinery. The internal machinery involves the movement from the assembly to packing area. You can simple talk of the movement between the production areas. Examples of these machines are conveyor belt, forklift truck and others. External machineries majorly consist of shipping containers or large commercial trucks which are used in moving goods to retail outlets.
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Another category is the position material handling equipment. This machine is majorly used in reposition of products and materials. They will arrange the materials to fit in the assembly area equipments. They can be in form of feeders or robots. Equipments majorly consist of the hoist or lifts which are primarily used to store materials on warehouse.
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We also have another type known as storage and retrieval material handling equipment. In this category is where we find the shelves and racks that are used to put goods after the production process . Here we have the shelving systems, cabinets and bins for smaller goods. Liquid substances are stored in special drums and silos that are set for them. It is also important for you to know that products that are stored on the floor or directly on pellets do not fall under storage handling equipment.
We also have load formation and handling equipment. Primarily this equipments are used in packing goods making them ready for shipment using packing machinery.. For example, skids and pellets, crates and boxes and bulk handling containers. We also have shirks that are used in wrapping plastic tightly around the pallet of goods. Majorly bulk handling containers are used for storing liquids.
We also have identification control material handling equipment. You find that this category consist of systems that are used to track the goods as they move through manufacturing and distribution process. The systems that are used in tracking process include; bar codes or tags, portable magnetic strip and inventory control software programs.